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Go Outside and Run Your Trains by Paul D. RaceGarden Railroading Primer ArticlesGarden Train Store: Index to train, track, and other products for Garden Railroading
Best Choices for Beginning Garden Railroaders: a short list of things you're most likely to need when starting outLarge Scale Starter Sets: Begin with a train you'll be proud to run
Large Scale Track order Form Bachmann Garden Trains: Narrow Gauge models designed to run well in your Garden Railroad
Large Scale Christmas Trains: Trains with a holiday theme for garden or professional display railroads.Free Large Scale Signs and Graphics: Bring your railroad to life with street signs, business signs, and railroad signs
Garden Railroading Books, Magazines, and Videos: Where to go to learn even more
Collectible Trains and Villages: On30 Trains and accessories designed by Thomas Kinkade and others
Written by Paul D. Race for Family Garden Trains

    Weedwackers, lawnmowers, bug zappers, steam locomotives. The backyard sounds of summer just got more interesting. Nowadays they may include the clatter and chuff of a train running between the patio and the fishpond.

    There's something natural about these little iron horses rolling past real boulders, trees, and ponds, or dragging a row of coal cars through the pachysandra. Today's "garden railroaders" include avid gardeners who just wanted something different, modelers who even measure their plants, and engineers who build and run real, operating steam locomotives. There are as many ways to enjoy the hobby as there are people involved. But one thing they all share is the joy of operating their railroads in the open air.

    Maybe you'd like to try it, but you don't know where to begin. Or maybe you're confused by the conflicting claims of manufacturers and hobbyists. You might even be suffering from "sticker shock," after your first trip to the store. Don't despair. Getting started doesn't have to be as complicated or as expensive as some people make it sound, as long as you follow a few simple guidelines.

    1. Less is more. Some of the most charming garden railways use a minimum amount of moderately-priced equipment. It's not what you buy, it's how you use it. Also, you have to store and transport this stuff, too, so starting with more than you'll really want to drag in and out between operating sessions is self-defeating.

      You can buy new garden trains from Bachmann, LGB, USA Trains, MTH, Hartland Locomotive Works (HLW), and Piko. The Bachmann starter sets represent excellent value, even if they may be a little old-timey for your taste. The other companies make trains that are more solid, and the costs reflect that to some extent. Regardless of your choice, if you start with a relatively inexpensive set, you can let other people's children run it later without worrying that they're going to destroy an expensive collectors' item. The main thing is to get started.

      Almost all starter sets include a circle of track with a 48" diameter. Your train will look and run better on wider curves. So save the starter set track to use inside around the Christmas tree (in fact you can't even use the track that comes with Bachmann starter sets outside).

    2. Expect to spend more on track at first than you do on trains. (If you want a dramatic setting, including mountains and water features, expect to spend more on landscaping than you do on trains and track together.) If you're a computer user, it might help to think of the railway as the hardware and the trains as the software. Sure, those things with the bells and whistles are neat, but they don't work worth a hoot if you don't have something reliable to run them on.

      Most garden railroads run on G-gauge track, also known as Gauge One. The rails are 45mm (about 1.775") apart. The brass track from Bachmann, LGB, USA Trains, and Piko is designed to give your trains a solid footing in almost any installation.

      Visit our Garden Train Store™ Buyer's Guide PagesNote: A lot of beginners get confused by arguments about "scale," which has to do with what relationship your models bear to the real world. But the real question is what period you want to model? Most of the old-timey looking garden trains are in larger scales like 1:20.3, 1:22.5, or 1:24. Most modern-looking trains are in smaller scales like 1:29 and 1:32. But the important thing to remember is that 45mm track is the same no matter what scale you're modeling in. So get a good solid track plan laid (even if it's only one loop of what you expect to be an empire), then experiment with different scales and manufacturers if you want to. Even if you decide to model a different scale than you started with, you won't have to rip the track out and start again.

    3. Use the largest radius track you can reasonably fit in the space you have. Sure, you can run a train on 48" circles of track like the one that came with your train set, but trains look better and run better on larger curves. Besides, things look smaller outside; a 48" circle of track will barely show up in most back yards.

    4. Start out with track that is low-maintenance and easy to install. Several of the current track manufacturers include screw-on rail joiners that make very good electrical and mechanical connections. You have many choices but don't skimp on track quality your first time out.

    5. Use construction methods that work for you. If your yard is already terraced and you can get away with running track along a rock wall, go for it. Some people build wooden frameworks, fasten the track to them, then backfill. Folks who live in deserts cut trenches, lay a bed of gravel, and put the track right on that. In Ohio, I learned that crack-resistant concrete is better for that kind of installation - gravel lets too many weeds take root. Whatever method you use, be certain to provide good drainage so your roadbed and ballast don't wash away every time it rains.

      The finishing touch is usually the ballast, fine gravel brushed between the ties. Garden railroaders have successfully used "crusher fines" ("granite dust" from a quarry), chicken grit, and other sources. The point is to find methods and materials that meet your requirements.

    6. Make the track as level as you can. Otherwise you may find your train struggling to get up one "hill" and careening down the next. You can get the effect of hills by keeping the track level and having the ground rise and fall underneath it. Again, a carefully-laid railway runs better and looks better no matter where the hobby takes you in the future.

    7. Be careful with electricity. Whether you run an extension cord from the garage or bury a line to your garden, be certain to follow all local regulations, provide proper grounding, and install a GFI (ground fault interrupt) device on the circuit you're using.

      By the way, the power pack that came with your starter set may be fine for running your trains outside, especially if you start with less than fifty feet of track, have good track connections, and run extra "jumper" wires to the far side of the layout. You may want to upgrade later or even change to a battery-and-remote-control system, but get some experience before you invest in anything really expensive. Be sure to keep it dry, though,and keep it inside when you're not using it.

    8. "Less is more" applies to plants, too. Use a lot of mulch at first, and install plants a few at a time until you can find things that you can keep alive and that satisfy your personal expectations. Get to know other gardeners and garden railroaders in your area and find out what perennials and miniatures they're using with success. You may be able to trade "starts" and cuttings with them. Also, consider using plants that grow naturally in your area. Some folks have transplanted ordinary moss and local wildflowers with good results.

      To improve realism and proportion, look for smaller plants with tiny leaves to plant around the tracks and buildings, and reserve larger plants for a little further away. Learn effective gardening techniques if you're not already a gardener. Tend each new plant carefully, and give it time to grow and get established. Don't be disappointed if your garden doesn't look like a magazine spread the first year; once your plants do root and "take off" they'll provide many years of enjoyment.

      If you get to a garden store, check out varieties of thyme (such as Elfin, Creeping, and Woolly) and miniature sedum (such as Acre and Stubby Fingers), as well as small evergreens such as Dwarf Procumbens juniper, and Dwarf Alberta and "Jean's Dilley" spruce.

    9. Be informed but not impulsive. In addition to Family Garden Trains' extensive and growing library of primer articles, you can learn more from local garden railroad clubs, train shows, and (sometimes) hobby shops. Garden Railways magazine provides a wealth of tips and an ongoing source of new information. Web sites like Large Scale Central have good information and good pointers to other sites. Remember, though, that magazines and train shows (especially) make money from advertising and sales, so you may be tempted to buy too much, too soon. Another danger is that some hobbyists have strong opinions on exactly how you should be doing every little thing. Don't let anyone browbeat you. This a hobby and your goal is to have fun, not to satisfy other people's expectations.

      The point at first is to learn by doing. Once you have at least a small functioning garden railroad and you've had a chance to see what's out there, you'll be in a better position to make purchases that you will be pleased with for years to come.

    10. Finally, the most important rule is to have fun, and lots of it. As you learn more, you'll discover new and exciting aspects to this hobby. In many parts of the world, you'll meet great people with similar interests.

    In short, garden railroaders build all kinds of bridges. Enough reading. Now go outside and run your trains.

Note: Family Garden Trains™, Garden Train Store™, Big Christmas Trains™, BIG Indoor Trains™, and BIG Train Store™ are trademarks of Breakthrough Communications ( All information, data, text, and illustrations on this web site are Copyright (c) 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 by Paul D. Race. Reuse or republication without prior written permission is specifically forbidden.
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Garden Railroading Primer Articles: All about getting a Garden Railroad up and running well Big Indoor Trains Primer Articles: All about setting up and displaying indoor display trains and towns. Garden Train Store: Index to train, track, and other products for Garden RailroadingBig Christmas Trains: Directory of Large Scale and O Scale trains with holiday themes
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Visit Lionel Trains. Click to see Thomas Kinkaded-inspired Holiday Trains and Villages. Big Christmas Train Primer: Choosing and using model trains with holiday themes Free Large Scale Signs and Graphics: Bring your railroad to life with street signs, business signs, and railroad signs Click to see HO scale trains with your favorite team's colors.
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Click to see reviews of our favorite family-friendly Christmas movies. Free, Family-Friendly Christmas Stories Decorate your tree the old-fashioned way with these kid-friendly projects. Free plans and instructions for starting a hobby building vintage-style cardboard Christmas houses. Click to find free, family-friendly Christmas poems and - in some cases - their stories. Traditional Home-Made Ornaments
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Best-loved railroad songs and the stories behind them.
Visit musings about music on our sister site, School of the Rock With a few tools and an hour or two of work, you can make your guitar, banjo, or mandolin much more responsive.  Instruments with movable bridges can have better-than-new intonation as well. Acoustic-based, traditional, singer-songwriter, and folk music with a Western focus. Check out our article on finding good used guitars.
Carols of many countries, including music, lyrics, and the story behind the songs. X and Y-generation Christians take Contemporary Christian music, including worship, for granted, but the first generation of Contemporary Christian musicians faced strong, and often bitter resistance. Different kinds of music call for different kinds of banjos.  Just trying to steer you in the right direction. New, used, or vintage - tips for whatever your needs and preferences. Wax recordings from the early 1900s, mostly collected by George Nelson.  Download them all for a 'period' album. Explains the various kinds of acoustic guitar and what to look for in each.
Look to Riverboat Music buyers' guide for descriptions of musical instruments by people who play musical instruments. Learn 5-string banjo at your own speed, with many examples and user-friendly explanations. Explains the various kinds of banjos and what each is good for. Learn more about our newsletter for roots-based and acoustic music. Folks with Bb or Eb instruments can contribute to worship services, but the WAY they do depends on the way the worship leader approaches the music. A page devoted to some of Paul's own music endeavors.