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Written by Paul D. Race for Family Garden Trains™

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Fallen Flags of Garden Railroading - Delton Locomotive Works

While LGB's trains still dominated garden railroading, there was a continual expressed desire from American model railroaders for realistic US-style trains. Kalamazoo's attempts to fulfill that need were not 100% successful because some folks didn't like their "foreshortened" locomotives. Delton Locomotive Works, which followed, was a labor of love, an attempt to build realistic and solid models of American prototype trains. Though ultimately the company did not survive, it had more influence on Large Scale train manufacturing than any of the other fallen flags, except AristoCraft (which comes later).

Note: David Fletcher's article The Phil Jensen Story follows the career of one of a model train designer who designed several of Delton's most memorable products. I am indebted to this article for some of the details in the following text.

In 1983, Bob Schuster started Delton Locomotive Works to focus on building more realistic models. Bob settled on 1:24 scale, which was a common dollhouse and modeling scale in those days. You'll remember that there were no established scales yet for US-style trains running on 45mm - 1.775" track. So 1:24 was one of several choices, most of them bad.

  • Technically, the "correct" scale for most US-style Narrow Gauge (like Denver and Rio Grande) would have been 1:20.3, but no one was manufacturing trains in that scale in those days (or would start to do so for another 10+ years). If Bob had started with that scale, his trains would have looked huge next to existing garden trains.

  • The "correct" scale for US-style Standard Gauge (like New York Central) would have been 1:32, but nobody was building model trains in that scale (or would start to do so for another 20+ years). So a new line of trains would have looked tiny next to existing garden trains.

  • Existing garden trains, by which I mean LGB, were theoretically 1:22.5, the "correct scale" for meter-gauge trains running on 45mm track. But at the time, LGB was making a mix of tiny prototypes (like the Stainz) and scaled-down or foreshortened cars that would look fine dragged behind them on 48" curves. Bob COULD have made his US-Style narrow gauge trains in 1:22.5 (which Bachmann later did, with their Big Haulers line), but there wouldn't have been a point, really. When Bob made his decision, scale 1:24 trains looked fine next to most of the dinky prototypes LGB was making at the time.

In addition, thousands of accessories were already available in 1:24. Doll house accessories, model cars, and more. Even more revealing - the majority of buildings and accessories being made specifically for Large Scale garden railroading were being manufactured in 1:24 or something close. (They still are.)

So at the time, 1:24 seemed like a reasonable compromise. If early adopters were put off by use of a compromise scale, they didn't say much about it - mostly they were very glad to get models that looked like they belonged in North America instead of Bavaria.

Delton started out producing a number of limited-edition all-brass locomotives that were true scale models (if maybe a bit smaller than they should have been to be models of 3'-gauge locomotives on 1.775"- gauge track). These included a 2-6-6T Mason Bogie (shown right), a 4-2-4 "C. P. Huntington," 0-6-0s, 0-4-0s, and 2-6-0s. Because they were hand-assembled from start to finish, they were far too expensive for the average garden railroader, though.

One of Phil Jensen's freight car designs for Delton, later remanufactured by AristoCraft.Designer Phil Jensen came on to design a line of plastic 1:24 freight cars for the trains to pull. Phil developed several, including the intricate and charming outside-frame wooden hopper shown to the right.

Phil later confessed that he made mistakes because he was new at the model-train designing business. His cars had almost no parts that could be used in other models; every new car he designed required almost 100% new tooling. As far as I know, no one at the time thought - or realized - that it was a problem. But Phil later confessed that if he "knew then what he knows now," he would have designed those early products with an eye to making as much of the tooling as reusable as possible.

The Delton long caboose was another customer favorite.  Click for bigger photo.Another Jensen-designed car that was a favorite of Delton fans was the long caboose, sometimes called a "Drovers' caboose." That's because in the old days of cattle drives, some of the cowboys would ride along when their cattle were being shipped to help them get where they were supposed to at the other end of the line. Since the cowboys typically hadn't bathed for months and didn't want to pay to sit in the passenger cars at any rate, drovers' cabooses had extra seating and sometimes bunks to accommodate them. Other companies have made Large Scale drovers' cabooses since, but this one had a profile that is still recognizable today.

Lionel's Large Scale 0-6-0T Locomotive, designed by Phil Jensen, an attractive locomotive that was also a dandy runner, but whose parts were too fragile for the toy market Lionel targeted. Click for bigger photo.Collaboration with Lionel

In 1987, Lionel toyed with the idea of getting into garden trains. According to Fletcher's article, they considered buying Delton outright but determined that they would be assuming too much debt. Instead they contracted with Delton to produce the designs and tooling for their first Large Scale train set, the Gold Rush Special.

The 0-6-0T that pulled it was based in part on the design of the Mason Bogie that Delton had produced earlier, with length in the boiler and windows in the cab reduced to cut down on size. The result was a very charming little locomotive that also ran very well (even if it did borrow some of its gearing from Lionel's tinplate engineering). Unfortunately, the side gear and many of the details were far too fragile for handling by children. That said, I have owned several in different paint jobs, and consider it the "flagship" of Lionel's track-powered G-gauge trains (their subsequent offerings notwithstanding). To this day, it looks splendid next to any of Delton's products.

The Delton Consolidation

While Phil and Bob were trying to decide which steam locomotive to introduce in plastic, LGB came out with their 1:22.5 Mogul, so the Delton team dropped their own plans to build a Mogul and decided to model possibly the most popular Narrow Gauge engine ever designed - the Consolidation that D&RG called the C-16.

The Delton Consolidation in Colorado and Southern Colors.  Click for bigger photo.

The locomotive came out in 1989. It was an attractive, affordable, and solid little locomotive, that, in spite of its smaller scale, looked fine near the other garden trains being built at the time. Some folks felt it was a little underpowered, but it looked great and ran well, even if it wasn't a great "puller."

Phil Jensen's Delton 'Long Coach,' subsequently manufactured by HLW. Click for bigger photo.Phil also designed two lines of coaches. I own the "long" coach shown to the right, and it is a dandy and solid little model.

The other line is a "shorty" line. You can see the outline of the "combine" car from that line in the "Delton Doozie" photo below.

When Delton ran into difficulty coming up with money to develop new products, they looked for ways to reuse what they had. One of their The Delton Doozie.  Sorry I don't have a bigger photo of this one at the moment.most popular and profitable models was the "Delton Doozie," a little "doodlebug" "or "rail bus" made by putting a Mack Truck front end onto a shorty coach. Another product using the Mack Truck front end was developed, but never produced.

But in the long term, Delton could not overcome the manufacturing costs that had gone into its flagship products. In 1990, Delton went into bankruptcy. One of their major creditors, Caledonia, attempted to keep the manufacturing lines open. but that manufacturing shut down in 1993.

When Caledonia finally had to give up their attempts to keep Delton trains in production, their molds and engineering were purchased by other companies.

More Kalamazoo

When Delton closed down, Phil Jensen went over to help Kalamazoo upgrade their line, using knowledge he had picked up from his experience at Delton, and even some of the individual brass pieces that one of Delton's suppliers had left over.

Then Kalamazoo closed down. Kalamazoo's molds and Phil himself went to Hartland Locomotive Works (HLW), where Phil continued to enhance the Kalamazoo-designed 4-4-0 and eventually added other products based on the Delton coach molds (see below).

AristoCraft Classic Line

In 1996, AristoCraft purchased Delton's molds except for the coach molds (which Delton didn't technically own). This purchase gave AristoCraft the Consolidation molds and several of the freight car molds.

AristoCraft's version of the Delton consolidation. Click for bigger photo.AristoCraft made some adjustments to the Consolidation, which - I am told - included raising the cab height. Depending on who you talked to this was either done to accommodate a more powerful motor or to help the locomotive look more visually compatible with products built in other scales (1:24 was becoming less popular). Nobody argues the fact that AristoCraft's reengineered drive mechanism gave the Consolidation substantially more pulling power. For a time, the Consolidation led AristoCraft's "Classic" line.

By the way, last week I visited a garden railroad that had several of the Aristo-built "Delton Classic" Consolidations running simultaneously on separate right of ways, and they were running very well, and pulling trains of decent length. So if you come across one in excellent condition, don't be afraid of it just because it has the upgraded power train.

AristoCraft's 'Railbus' was their attempt to replicate the Delton Doozie without the Delton coach molds. Click for bigger picture.AristoCraft also issued their version of the "Doozie," using the combine car from their Sierra line (since they didn't have the Delton coach molds). Unfortunately, the power truck sat a little high, so the thing sloped a little. But handy crafters who liked the overall look figured out how to fix that.

In truth, the Polks (owners of AristoCraft) never expected to make "real money" from the Delton products; mostly they just didn't have the heart to see such a valuable contribution to the US Garden Railroading hobby disappear. Keeping the Delton line alive was a labor of love that never paid off, but I'm glad they made the effort, because I, frankly, feel the same way.

When (spoiler alert) AristoCraft went out of business, the old Delton molds were still in China. No one really knows where they are now, although some of the tooling for AristoCraft's core products is beginning to show up in Bachmann Large Scale offerings, so there's always hope.

Hartland Locomotive Works

Soon after Phil Jensen went to HLW, HLW acquired the coach molds he had designed for Delton. HLW put them behind the upgraded 4-4-0. Hartland has since has reissued them, not only as passenger cars, but also as doodlebugs and streetcars. In addition, several design prototypes that Phil Jensen had produced for Delton found new life at Hartland, including the double-ended 4-wheeled diesel or diesel-electric locomotives.

A Note for Traction Lovers - If you love trolleys, street cars, rail buses, and the like, you need to check out Hartland's line of self-propelled vehicles. If you love such things and don't think they look right without wires running overhead, that's fine, too. Using Delton's coach molds and other designs and plans left over from Delton, Phil has helped HLW to create whole family of electric or diesel-electric or gas-powered units that meet your needs. Here are a few of my favorites:

Need a traction line but don't like trolleys running without wires overhead?  Try a rail motor car. Click for bigger photo. The 'Delton' Doozie lives again in its original form. Click for bigger photo.
This interurban has been produced in several color schemes with both trolley poles and catenary pickups.  Click for bigger photo. The Mack engine based switcher has been produced in several color schemes, with catenary pickups, with trolley poles, and in a diesel-electric version. Click for bigger photo.

When I initially wrote this article, the HLW coaches were not being made, and some of the self-propelled cars based on those molds were coming into short supply. However, Phil assured me that they would become available again.

For a detailed history of Delton and how its designs influenced other manufacturers, check out David Fletcher's article The Phil Jensen Story.


As you have figured out by now, Delton Locomotive Works, started by Bob Schuster and helped along by Phil Jensen and a number of hardworking employees and helpful suppliers, left a large legacy that garden railroaders are still benefitting from today, including:

  • Proving there was a market for US-style garden trains

  • Setting a "high bar" for product realism and detail at a time when garden trains were still mostly considered toys (and many of them were)

  • Developing products that many garden railroaders are still running and enjoying

  • Influencing other manufacturers, some of whom benefitted directly from their engineering and tooling (including Lionel, Kalamazoo, AristoCraft, and HLW), others of which were inspired to follow in their footsteps (including MDC and PIKO Large Scale trains)

  • Developing tooling that is still being used today to produce fine, unique models (HLW)


Delton's brass locomotives are all highly desirable collectors' items. Their Consolidation is also a favorite among us old timers, but mostly because we still like running them, not because we're collecting them in the classic "collectors'" sense.

When AristoCraft began closing out its "Classic" line of trains based on Delton molds, they closed them out cheap, so prices were very low for a few months. But as soon as stocks depleted, the value of like-new unique models like Consolidation, the open-frame hopper, and the long caboose began going back up. Again, they are mostly being purchased by people who want to run them, so they're not generally getting "collectors' item" prices or treatment - don't expect some piece to be worth substantially more than a similar new piece from another manufacturer just because it's "rare." But they are unique, and for some people, they fulfill a specific need that other trains do not.

If you want to run them, they are still look fine beside most US-Style LGB and most 1:29 or 1:32 models of "old-time" US-style trains. However, they are very visually compatible with:

  • The Lionel track-powered 0-6-0t locomotive and associated cars (shown above; long since discontinued, but made in D&RG, CN, PRR, Disney, and several Christmas color schemes)

  • Most Hartland Locomotive Works (HLW) products

  • Most Model Die Casting/Roundhouse (MDC) Large Scale products (another fallen flag)

  • Many PIKO Large Scale products (some of which were originally engineered by MDC)

Or if you're like me, you just run different scales on different days, so I don't put my Bachmann 1:20.3 stuff next to my 1:24 stuff.

And personally, I still prefer HLW's Delton-inspired traction to anyone else's traction line today. Aren't you glad it's still available?

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