|Written by Paul D. Race for Family Garden Trains(tm)|
Painting a Piko Gingerbread House
This article is a supplement to the Family Garden Trains(tm) Painting Plastic Structures article. It explains one way to paint a Piko building kit, in this case a house from their "gingerbread" series. I've presented this project because it is similar to many Piko kits and is a good project for the beginner. In fact, most of Piko's storefronts, two of their churches, and two of their schoolhouses use the same basic construction. So once you've done one of these, you are in pretty good shape for starting on the next kit.
Note About the Level of Detail - Please don't be put off by all the little steps in our kit-painting/assembling articles. Most kit instructions assume an experienced user, so they leave out minor, but important steps that experienced kit-builders do without even thinking about them. We just want to make sure you have a painless experience, especially if this is the first building kit you've ever painted and assembled. We also want you to be very satisfied with the finished result. If if we left out a bunch of steps to make you think that kitbuilding is a breeze, you will not be as satisfied as you could be - if nothing else, your finished kit would look exactly like everyone else's. Once you've done a couple kits according to our instructions and seen the results, you'll be doing all of those minor, but important steps automatically, too, whether we have specific instructions or not.
Like all garden railroad structures, this building needs to be primed, painted, and glazed before you set it out.* But if you're careful, you'll have a result you can be proud of for years to come.
Piko has made model railroad accessories (and sometimes trains) for years. In Large Scale, they have chiefly made sturdy plastic kits with UV-resistant plastic. Most of their buildings have finishes that look good right out of the box, so 99 Piko structures out of 100 you see on garden railroads have the original finish.
Unfortunately, I don't find Piko's finish on the frame houses such as the house in this project completely convincing. Also, a few years of direct sunlight do take their toll. Besides, who wants their structures to look JUST like everyone else's?
Some of Piko's similar models literally snap together. The Gingerbread line doesn't quite. You will need glue. (Back when I put this together, I used up a three-pack of "superglue" - cyanoacrylate. Today I am using FixAll, which takes longer to set but doesn't get as brittle.) Also, on a few pieces, you will need to file, trim, or sand an edge slightly to get the best fit. Mostly this is where the piece joins the "sprue" (the tree-shaped gizmo that the pieces are attached to in the mold). Every plastic model has this, so it's not a "problem" really.
How to Get This BuildingOur Buildings for Garden Railroads buyer's guide on our Garden-Train-Store.com site lists several of the most popular Piko building kits, along with similar kits from other manufacturers. These instructions will work for the Piko storefronts as well, if you like those structures. The Buildings for Garden Railroads page has links to the pages you need to see and order these kits.
Deciding on a Paint SchemeThis model I chose represents a building with yellowish-tan "clapboard" siding, wooden trim, and a roof that is covered with sheets of roofing material. I was fine with a gray roof and white trim. But I wasn't thrilled with the base color. In addition, most of my buildings so far have rather plain colors, and I thought it would be nice to use a stronger color for a change. The next time I was in the paint department at WalMart, I picked a royal blue indoor/outdoor satin spray for the base coat. You might wonder why I just didn't buy the blue house. The answer is that I was going to paint it anyway, and I preferred the trim on the yellow "Adams" house.
In fact, I planned from the start to paint every surface, even the gray roof and white trim pieces, since unpainted plastic yellows eventually, even with molded-in UV protection, and painting cuts down on the shiny plastic look. The resulting building looks rather like it belongs in New England's coastline, but I'm sure it will fit in on the New Boston and Donnels Creek somewhere.
When you plan to paint white plastic, you might consider using white primer. It's harder to come by than gray or rust-colored primer, but it may save you a step. For this project, I used white primer on the trim, which generally worked out, but it DID leave the white plastic door a little translucent, so if I light the building, the door may look radioactive. If I'd primed it gray first, then finished with a white top coat, that wouldn't be a problem.
Cleaning the PartsWhen you've picked out your primer and your paint, lay out a clean, dry, low-lint dishtowel and place the parts next to it, along with another towel. Then wash your hands with dish soap and warm water to remove any excess oils from getting back to the parts. Locate some Glass Plus or Fantastic or a similar cleaning agent that doesn't require rinsing and leaves no residue.
Clean each piece carefully, handling it by the edges or by the sprue so you don't leave "fingerprints" on it. Then dry it as well as you can and leave it on the clean dishtowel to dry out completely. By the way, this step is necessary on any model you plan to paint. They all have invisible fingermarks or oils left over from the manufacturing and packaging processes.
Priming the PartsTake the parts in a shallow box or something (so you don't have to handle them except by the edge) to wherever you're going to paint. As the Painting Plastic Structures article points out, I like to paint outside on warm calm days, using a wire framework that allows the air to circulate around the parts. I have also been known to convert an oversize box into a "paint booth" to cut down on breeze if I'm outside, or to cut down on overspray if I'm inside.
Because the white parts sprues on this kit were so complex, I went another way for them - I put a plastic grocery bag over my left hand and painted the parts mid-air. The positive side is that it helped me be sure I hit every part from ever angle. The downside is that I had to wait until the sprue dried before I could set it down. Somebody does make a clamp to help with that sort of thing, but I don't have one at the moment.
In this case, I chose a gray primer for the roof and walls, and a white primer for the windowframes and trim.
Shake the first paint can you plan to use thoroughly, until the little ball inside has been rolling freely for a few minutes. You might want to test the paint on a piece of scrap plastic. Sometimes when it is very humid or the can of paint is too cool, the paint comes out in tiny chunks, making your building look a little fuzzy, so you want to know if it's going to do this before the paint goes onto your structure parts.
When you are ready to spray the parts, bring the paint can so that it fires down at an angle (paint won't spray properly going straight down). With the can aimed to one side of the parts, press the button until you get an even flow (usually a second), then bring the can past the parts in an even motion and release the button when the spray has gone over the other side. If you've done it right, the parts should be 50% or more covered and the paint should be almost dry by the time you examine the results. Rotate the parts and repeat this process, always giving the paint time to dry a little between sprays.
You don't want two or three heavy layers, which may obscure the detail, develop runs, and, ironically, miss places, but several very light coats from every reasonable angle. If the parts need to be sprayed on the other side, let them dry thoroughly before turning them over and painting the other side.
Note: Since I painted this house, I have gotten in the habit of giving the building's insides at least one good coat of gray primer as well. This reduces the likelihood that your building will have a radioactive glow if and when you illuminate it.
When all the parts are painted, move them to a safe place with decent ventilation and allow them to dry overnight.
Base Coats - Now if you have parts that just need one finish coat, get the finish coat you plan to use, and repeat the process you used to prime it. For the window frames, I painted a "flat white" finish coat over the "white primer."
I also gave the roof parts another coat of primer gray (yes, you can use primer for a finish coat, but I still like to have two separate coats, applied at least a day apart).
Texture Spray - I wanted the foundation stones to appear more textured and to be a lighter color so after they were primed, I frosted them lightly with a fine spray of white primer. The pieces that would become the chimney and the steps were on the same sprues so they got hit as well, which worked out.
In addition, there are a bunch of little cross-shaped pieces that don't show in the final model. They're used inside to help brace the thing together. NEXT time I paint one of these kits, I'll break them all off the sprue before I paint. They don't need to be painted, and, as it turned out, I had to scrape the paint off part of them before I glued. Live and learn.
Underspray - To add a little more dimensionality to the roof pieces, I held them upside down and passed the spray UNDER them, hitting just the edges. For this building, I used rust primer, which looks great on buildings that supposedly have metal roofs. But this particular building would probably have looked better with a flat black underspray.
Begin AssemblyNever start gluing stuff together without reading the instructions carefully.
Note: When you cut the windows from the parts sprues, be certain to file or trim off any rough spots the sprue leaves. In the "blowup," you can see I missed a bit on the top window. That's okay in this case, since the gingerbread trim will hide it anyway. If I had painted the windowframes another color, I would have had to touch them up after I cut them off the sprue.
After all is said and done, I probably have about 6 1/2 hours into painting and building this kit.
In addition, I have another half-hour's worth of touching up to do when I get back to it, which may be after it has sat out for a season, since it's usable now. (I'm not including the twenty or so additional hours I have into writing this article, of course.)
Based on my experience with similar models, this little house will hold a nice appearance three or four years longer than a similar kit left unpainted. Plus it will always be unique, and it will never look like plastic.
When the weather gets a little nicer, I'll try to set it out and get a photo or two in context of other buildings and of the outdoors. In the meantime, if you get one of these or a similar kit, you don't have to do it the way I said. This was just to give you some ideas and help you think about all the details and alternatives that the kit instructions leave out. If you customize (or have customized) one of these buildings in any way, please send a photo and describe your customizations, and I'll try to put it online for other readers. Best of luck, Paul
Other Articles on Structures and Painting
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